Tips for Alleviating Seperation Anxiety by Randi Goldfarb
Reluctance. Guilt. Anxiety. Uncertainty. Sadness. Children and adults can certainly experience a wide range of intense emotions at separation times, resulting in a whole lot of drama. Although separation anxiety is a normative part of development, it can still be quite challenging. While young children strive to become more independent, they still need that feeling of safety and security of having a parent nearby. Despite parents wanting their children to become more independent, adults are often conflicted about their children actually becoming more independent! With a keen ability to watch everything and everyone around them, especially parents, children make sense of their world and behave accordingly. When it comes to separation anxiety, how a parent/caregiver conducts themselves during separation is typically the most significant factor as to whether things go smoothly.
We often hear the refrain “…but my child won’t let me leave!!” The truth is, it really is not the child’s choice in this case! Adults have a great opportunity to be a guide for children for making goodbyes short and still sweet! Being proactive and creating effective strategies to manage separation can empower children to feel competent, help them develop emotional awareness, build greater capacity for self-control and further independence.
While school can be a significant time where separation anxiety shows up, it is certainly not the only venue! For example, when a young child is put down in her crib for a nap, she starts to cry, reaching her arms up to the caregiver. On your way to the bathroom, your toddler runs after you, grasping your legs, carrying on. A friend or family member wants to hold your baby and he pulls away, in resistance and reaches out to you. A babysitter arrives to watch your child and your child becomes visibly distraught, and then his behavior evolves into a full- blown tantrum. Your child is resisting your departure when dropped off at a birthday party or playdate.
When adults are proactive, practicing separation strategies in advance, both adults and children will have more confidence when saying goodbye, thus alleviating separation anxiety. Being patient is important because a child’s behavior can often be inconsistent and can also be affected by life changes. Separation and goodbyes do not need to be full of drama. The less intensity that occurs between you and your child at drop-off, the better it is for all those involved. The calmer you are, the quicker your child can get started with the school day, ready to participate and have fun.
Here are a few tips for smoother separations:
- Approach these situations in a loving, kind, yet firm manner, despite the emotional commotion occurring. Share with your child that everyone can have a great day even when missing one another!
- Acknowledge and share your own feelings about separation in an age appropriate manner. This can help normalize your child’s experience with saying goodbye.
- Convey matter-of-factly and with confidence to your child that although goodbyes can be challenging, you can (eventually!) manage them well with minimal distress for all involved.
- It is very important to communicate with your child’s teachers about separation prior to the beginning of school.
- Cultivate trust by always telling your child you are leaving. Do not prolong/drag out goodbyes, regardless of whether your child seems distressed.
- Add an element of playfulness for saying goodbyes because even goodbyes can be fun!
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Another great resource is the book "“Yippee YaHoo! I am Going to School". This story uses an engaging approach and distinctive illustrations that evoke the process involved in achieving smoother goodbyes and celebrating being in school. Children, parents and teachers can share in the full range of experiences for this significant milestone. Adults will also benefit from the specific tips included to help make day-to-day goodbyes much easier. Children will feel more empowered to separate from their parents. Parents and teachers will have more time to relish in sharing in the life of a child. All around town, parents will find themselves singing and teachers will hear their preschoolers humming “Yippee Yahoo! I am Going to School.”